In The Frame

Great art might open up great opportunities for wellbeing. So far Medley has mainly explored art’s impact on people who themselves take part in painting, drawing or crafting. In this blog post the focus turns to how looking at art might in itself also boost wellbeing and enhance life in diverse ways.

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How might enjoying artworks do this? It might be calming, mindful, a positive visual and mental stimulus. It lets you see the world through another person’s eyes, so it could free you from your own perspective for a while. It might brighten mood by creating a space for beauty. It could transport you to a different place and time. It might also inspire you to experiment with creativity yourself.

Specific impacts will depend on the art itself. Perhaps art’s emotional impact on viewers is more openly explored by 20th and now 21st century artworks than it was in earlier eras. This more experimental art clearly highlights knotty and difficult questions about mood and emotions, about life and death, about war and conflict: maybe through the use of colour, the brushwork or the subject matter. Think of Oskar Kokoschka’s paintings of the trauma of war, or of art focusing on isolation and loneliness, like Alberto Giacometti’s unusual figure scculptures, or of Abstract Expressionists like Mark Rothko or Barnett Newman who used colour to create emotion. Art like this might liberate the viewer and enable them to express – or to see reflected – their own pain or fear. But it might also be too disturbing or depressing.

Art might be more helpful as a refuge, an escape, a distraction, as a glimpse of beauty or order: maybe Impressionist seascapes or landscapes, or portraits painted centuries ago.

The charity Paintings In Hospitals was founded over 60 years ago to share art with people in health and care settings. Its unique collection of thousands of artworks is regularly loaned out to hospitals, as the name suggests, but also to GP surgeries, care homes and hospices. While the charity does also run art activities enabling people to respond to the loaned artworks creatively themselves, their main work builds on long experience of the hugely positive impact the sheer presence of artworks in healthcare settings has on patients. The charity works on a range of projects and recently cooperated with The Wallace Collection (a central London gallery) on a research study entitled Contemporary Art and Primary Care.

Initiatives like this brighten what could be impersonal, clinical settings and share great art more widely. More and more art galleries and museums now have outreach and wellbeing programmes engaging people in all different circumstances. But people may also find art helpful if they enjoy looking at art in books, online or on television. Technology has transformed this, with virtual tours of many art galleries only a few clicks away. Yes, this is a different experience from seeing art in real life, which many people would argue is richer and more authentic. But there’s a positive side to enjoying art virtually or through books, at your own pace: and it’s more practical for people who are too ill, frail or busy to get to agallery.

Maybe there are as many different ways to enjoy and respond to art as there are artworks to experience.

All Singing, All Dancing

By their sheer exuberance, musicals transport us to a different world. What specific impact do they have on health and wellbeing, maybe more than other music genres?

I hope this will be the first in an occasional series within Medley’s regular blog posts, exploring how and why different music genres have particular impacts on us. Are popular songs the most beneficial? Is folk music more expressive, is classical music always calming? Do impacts across all genres depend on the individual, or are there common patterns of response?

So, to musicals: an explosion of colour, life and sound. They balance comedy, excitement and flair (as in the verve and momentum of “America” from West Side Story) with real drama, suspense and poignancy (like the song “Memory” in the musical Cats). So they cover a spectrum of experiences and emotions, but with bells on, with sparkle. Some tell a fictional story, others, like Evita, draw on history. Where the one story is dramatised as a play and as a musical, the musical may well prove the more memorable of the two, simply because the score adds another layer.

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All this has obvious impact on those who attend a live musical, who perform in one, or who hear songs from the shows or watch a film musical. I know the songs immediately boost my mood, and many, many people have experienced this for themselves through the years. Depression-era America saw a surge in musicals: partly a response to the dark days the country was enduring. With huge job losses and anxiety about the future, what could be more welcome than to lose yourself in a celebration of music and movement? Top Hat became one of the great film musicals of the age. And musicals held that power on through the 1940s, 50s and 60s, with enormous success for shows like Singin’ In The Rain, Paint Your Wagon and Mary Poppins. Their impact has endured down the years as new musicals have emerged through composers like Sondheim, Lloyd Webber and Miranda.

There’s also scientific evidence for musicals’ power over us. In 2018 researchers at the University of Lancaster and at University College London cooperated on a study on the impact of musical theatre. They monitored members of the audience at a performance of the musical Dreamgirls in a theatre in London’s West End, and found that people’s heart rates quickened considerably during the performance, as they would if taking part in physical exercise. Not only may this have cardiovascular benefits, it also proves that musicals do have a specific, objective and measurable impact.

Yes, some people find musicals farcical, and they might require you to suspend your disbelief as the cast bursts into song at the most unlikely moment. But is that not what a musical is all about? They are larger than life. Just because they may have a touch of the improbable about them is partly why they have such power.

Musicals may also be called musical theatre or musical comedy, highlighting how they focus on performance & entertainment. Maybe they are the very essence of showbusiness, as they draw together song, music, dance, costumes, sets and lighting: virtuosity at its most diverse. So it is no wonder that their all-singing, all-dancing power to enthral specifically boosts mood, uplifts and energises so many of us.

It would be great if you would like to share how musicals impact you in Medley’s Facebook group https://www.facebook.com/groups/359291215486002 Thank you.

Wild And Urban

For people and nature alike, towns and cities can be places of opportunity – or wastelands. Many people find urban living exciting and positive, while others find it overwhelming or depressing. And urban environments can be hostile to wildlife too, as light pollution confuses species as different as moths and migrating birds, street trees may be felled, and concrete dominates. But towns and cities can also be a habitat. Stag beetles for one have become a highly urban species, mainly found across south London and suburbia in the UK. And as farming has intensified, the countryside has become far less viable for wildlife, so that urban habitats have become more important in turn.

Nature’s impact on our own wellbeing is proven. Hearing that, you might picture walking in a wood or forest, or by a remote lake. But now that far more people live in towns and cities, connecting with urban nature (where it may be found) is more important than ever before. This is highlighted now as lockdown has forced people to stay at or close to home, in what may be very urban, concrete environments.

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Parks and green spaces may be a refuge in the midst of a town or city, somewhere to walk, run or cycle and to breathe cleaner air. They help combat air pollution, which is causing high rates of asthma and other lung diseases and may make Covid-19 more severe. And they may boost emotional and mental wellbeing. But the sad everyday reality is that too many are unsafe, intimidating places to be avoided where possible. This further divides people and nature.

Sometimes a chance encounter with nature might help. Seeing a plant straggling through the pavement, a murmuration of starlings over a city skyline, or even species which might be seen as pests, like the feral or town pigeon, can all brighten mood and create a new perspective.

Species which not only survive but thrive in the most urban environments have become known by scientists as “edge” species, because they live on the edge where urbanisation and wildness co-exist, maybe on disused land. These might be birds like house sparrows, rooks or gulls, or plants like buddleja. Seeing how they find a niche for themselves in these unlikely habitats confirms nature’s flexibility, and might be a sign of hope for us too.

Creating some space for nature in a town can in itself boost wellbeing, as knowing that you are making a difference has a positive impact on mental health. We can all feel powerless and disillusioned as we see how biodiversity is declining, but simple ways of helping, like growing plants on a balcony or taking part in a community garden, can be active and empowering. And as well as creating opportunities for nature, you could make a difference to your local area for yourself and other people. Wildlife organisations also have more focus all the time on urban nature. Bristol is just one city where the local Wildlife Trust has created detailed street-level maps demonstrating how biodiversity could be improved.

Maybe making space for urban nature could also make mental space for people living far away from the great outdoors.

Opening Doors Through Art

Like life, lockdown is peppered with ironies. Art classes or groups have closed or moved online. Art galleries have mainly been closed for most of the last year and exhibitions have been halted or postponed. Such a practical, physical activity as art or craft might now seem literally out of reach.

But as one door closes – or even as many doors close – others open. Art has boomed.

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People have lost opportunities for connection, for travel and gathering, but many have gained the time and freedom to create, some for the first time in years. And as lockdown has followed lockdown, our need of creativity has become more recognized than ever before – not only by people who work in the arts or in health and wellbeing, but by the mainstream media as well.

In the Grayson’s Art Club series of programmes, to take one successful example, Grayson and Philippa Perry have created a space where people can experiment with art freely in their own homes, maybe through drawing or photography, montage or painting. People have responded and taken part in all different ways, and the latest series has just started.

And as many people have struggled with isolation, fear, anxiety and depression, art has become all the more important particularly as these later lockdowns have dragged on through the winter. Art has become a way to express thoughts and emotions. It has also become a way to forget.

It has power to help across so many experiences and situations. I recently heard about the charity Headway’s art studio in East London, Submit To Love. This unites some 40 artists who all live with a brain injury (https://submittolovestudios.org) The brain is so fundamental to our awareness and to our selfhood that brain injury could close too many doors. But all Headway’s work witnesses to hope and opportunity in living with a brain injury, and their Discovery Through Art initiative connects this specifically to creativity.

Obviously integral to Submit To Love is the strong community spirit and sense of shared creativity within the studios. Usually the artists gather regularly in person, but during the pandemic this has become a Home Studio on Zoom. It’s clearly keeping that community spirit alive as week by week, the artists spend time together virtually, sharing how they interpret a set subject in different ways.

Submit To Love covers a wide spectrum of styles and artwork, some focused on colour, others in monochrome, some exact, others more experimental. Some of the artists have exhibited widely. One recent event was a showcase at the Autograph BP Gallery, which displayed works by 4 of the artists. People can buy works from the artists online (either paintings or items like a print tote bag) or commission their own piece.

Creativity’s positive impact on the artists is clear, as they share, communicate and express themselves – all while creating beautiful, striking and distinct art.

Living under lockdown and living with a brain injury are very different, but there might be parallels. Either situation could force people to live differently than they would usually. Few of us would ever have imagined that we would live under lockdown, and few people imagine that they would have to live with brain injury. Art will go on revealing new ways to free us at different times.

Stepping Out

Any walk is a journey, or even a story with a beginning, a middle and an end: although it might not seem like that as you trudge through the wind and rain. Walking is linear. It has a start and end point. I wonder if this is why walking helps many people when life is chaotic or muddled or when we struggle to concentrate or to focus.

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For walking can be only about getting from A to B, but it can be far more. You might have noneed to get anywhere, but just want to get outside. Walking opens up space and can seem a liberation. I went out for a walk yesterday while preparing to write this, and felt that the mechanical movement of walking freed up my mind to think – or even not to think but just to be more aware of what I could see,

To some people, walking has become more important during this last year. As lockdown has followed lockdown, walking has been one of the few ways to spend time outside, and it has become a lifeline for many. For others, who live in areas where space to walk is limited, unsafe, crowded or polluted, even their usual walking has been limited by the need to remain local when before they might have travelled further afield to go for a walk.

Any walk can be a stimulus, opening up another setting outside our own immediate one. Simply going through the door and walking along can draw us out of ourselves and creat ea sense of purpose. More and more people find that walking can boost mood or ease depression: if you can only steel yourself to open that door and set off.

If you walk one particular way regularly, you get to witness time gradually move on, little by little through the year. A friend was saying how she likes to walk by the sea every day, seeing sea and sky alike in all their different moods. Walking just one local patch can be as helpful as walking in different places, for I find that I notice little changes I might miss if I walked more different routes. By simply covering the ground you can notice a lot. I used to know someone who liked to walk barefoot on occasion. She felt free that way, connected to the earth. I don’t think I’ll be kicking off my shoes anytime soon, but walking is still an elemental experience: feeling the wind rush over you, hearing the rain fall, looking and seeing.

Walking can even become an art form. This is seen most famously in the work of land artist Richard Long, who turns his walks into art. Sometimes he creates an actual artwork on the route, like an arrangement of stones. But his main focus is the way he records his walks using maps and photography, which he has exhibited all over the world. Maybe they are powerful partly because they build memory of a walk, which could be a transitory, fleeting event soon forgotten. They’re also powerful because they show that walking can spur us to be creative. Writer Robert Macfarlane has reflected how walking can make us think, learn, see and create – and how it can also so exhaust us that we are too weary to do any of these.

Walking can be so simple an act that we might overlook the impacts it can have. But obviously it is not always simple at all. For some people, walking is physically impossible, while for others it is an enormous struggle as illness, disability or age limit mobility. Or you might find little freedom or opportunity to get outdoors. You are not forgotten.

A New Song

When I told someone that I would be writing about singing, music and Parkinson’s Disease, she asked: “But why would music help Parkinson’s?” And her response struck me, because it’s true that the part music can play in many illnesses is far less well known than, say, its impact on dementia. Through recent years so many people and organizations have shared music’s power to revive memory and to reach people who struggle to communicate as their dementia progresses. But there are many other conditions where music and singing can prove beneficial: like Parkinson’s Disease.

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I recently came across Sing To Beat Parkinson’s (www.singtobeat.co.uk) which was founded three years ago. Although quite recent as an organisation, it draws together a network of People With Parkinson’s (PWP) choirs, the first of which began in Kent in 2010, overseen by the Canterbury Cantata Trust. Not only have the choirs expanded across the UK, the model has also been taken up overseas.

While focusing on running choirs, Sing To Beat Parkinson’s is also committed to contributing to research to help understand how and why music and singing benefit people who have been diagnosed with Parkinson’s Disease. Its involvement in a 2017 survey found that singing in the choirs boosted emotional wellbeing while also easing anxiety and depression. Taking part was also found to reduce the stigma which can still surround illnesses like Parkinson’s Disease. More recently, Sing To Beat Parkinson’s is partnering with the Sidney de Haan Research Centre on research into singing’s impact on people living under lockdown.

It is obviously an irony that at a time like lockdown when so many people have needed music’s positive impacts more than ever before, most choirs have now been unable to gather for months. Sing To Beat Parkinson’s runs The Isolation Choir, which has shared songs regularly on You Tube. Throughout the last nine months, music and singing online truly have come alive.

A striking feature of music and singing’s impact on different illnesses is that it is not limited to emotional wellbeing alone (important although that is) but also contributes to physical health. Vocal strength can become an issue for people living with Parkinson’s, as their voices fade, but singing has been found to help strengthen their voices. This reminded me of singing’s power to boost lung capacity as well, so that ENO (English National Opera) and Imperial College London are trialling singing projects for people recovering from coron. These aim to ease breathlessness through singing.

I know that dance is also helpful for people with Parkinson’s, either to improve balance and flexibility or boost wellbeing and draw people together. Music will obviously have a part to play in dance’s role here too.

Making music can be affirming, joyful, hopeful, unifying and reassuring. These impacts alone demonstrate how worthwhile it is to explore ways in which music and song might help other illnesses, and experimenting to see how people respond. Some will have sung or played music or years before they became ill, so that an opportunity to go on music making is an important way for them to feel they are still themselves. For others, music making might be a totally new and so a positive new opportunity opened up be or amidst the horrors of illness. So Parkinson’s Disease is one of many illnesses where music and song have enormous scope to contribute. Would you like to share how they have helped you, or how you have seen them help others? To share any responses or thoughts, it would be great if you could post on Medley’s Facebook group https://www.facebook.com/groups/359291215486002

Breathing Space

Many people welcome any new year with euphoria, with high hopes of new opportunities. For others a new year might be a time of fear, anxiety, dread or uncertainty over what is to come. To many people every single day is a hurdle, let alone an entire year. People who care for others, or who have severe or life-limiting illnesses, may struggle to look too far ahead. And as England, like many other countries, is now in national lockdown just a few days into 2021, little seems to have improved. Covid-19, disability, illness or depression do not recognize a new year. Midnight on 31st December was never going to clean the slate.

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But maybe the thought that a new year has come could open up some instinct to look at life differently in some small ways. Through successive lockdowns, many people have turned to art, or to nature, or to music. Nature has gone on growing regardless. Still the music plays. And art is there to be created. Yet some people may have far less time for art, nature or music, but need them more than ever. So maybe more than committing to any new year resolution, it’s more a question of how we see art (or music, or nature). Once we grow used to turning to painting or crochet or songs or walking in difficult times or simply in the everyday, it can become an instinct.

One strength of turning to art, music or nature is that they can help us in the here and now, in any odd moments of the day. A major issue for people with caring responsibilities is the loss of freedom and of opportunities for themselves as life comes to revolve around their loved ones’ needs. In small ways, art could open up a glimmer of opportunity to go on experiencing life for themselves. People might be so weighed down by what could seem the drudgery of caring that thinking to draw or paint could seem pointless. But it could slowly become second nature, and it could help.

What is particularly liberating about art is the way it frees us from language. So many experiences, so many of the thoughts which might overwhelm us, express themselves through language. Drawing, painting or modelling allow us to turn away from language to focus on colour, line and form. So art might become a refuge, an escape, a balance or even a different perspective. Art also helps us interact with the world. As I’ve written before, painting and drawing make me more observant, helping me to focus on what I see and experience, making me more aware of the present moment.

For many people, organized group art might be the most helpful, like Arts for Life’s Create And Chat initiative, which involves parents and carers of young people who have complex mental health needs. Others might find it more practical to experiment with art for themselves on the rare occasions when they have time. Colouring, paper cutting or just scribbling, any art form.

It could be important to recognize that art won’t simply solve the issues people endure – although that depends on the issues. There will still be illness or disability or bereavement. But art might open up important breathing space.

Medley will be running a free online art for wellbeing project throughout the month of February. Taking birds as its theme, the project will provide different art (and craft) activity ideas each week, with step-by-step instructions and examples. There will also be ideas of songs or music to listen to and ways to connect with birds in nature, to add another layer to the project and highlight how art, music and nature are all important. The project will be informal and flexible, and is open to anyone in any circumstances who feels that art might boost their wellbeing https://medley.live/february-project/

Look And See

Remembering the famous carol ‘The holly and the ivy’ got me thinking about the importance of plants at all times: and how trying to see and notice might become a practicable, everyday way to boost wellbeing.

In many woods (the setting for the carol), the holly and the ivy would stand out as the only plants to bear leaves in midwinter. So they embody plants’ power to enrich lives in myriad different ways, if only we pause to see. ‘Deck the halls’ is another carol highlighting the part plants play in celebrations, with holly’s glossy (if sharp!) leaves and red berries traditionally used to brighten and decorate homes. The carol ‘O Christmas tree’ demonstrates conifer evergreen trees’ importance in winter too, inside and out.

Thinking how plants contribute to the ways we celebrate, then, I wanted to explore how nature might be experienced at different levels, all the time.

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More and more, I hear and see that people who might find connecting with nature (or music or art) helpful for their wellbeing, are too busy or too ill to focus on this. Their focus has to be getting through each and every day. Maybe they care for someone with an illness like dementia, or maybe they themselves live with the impact of stroke or disabilities. There are 1001 other reasons as well. So fleeting encounters with nature could be their only opportunity. Just noticing a plant or tree could create a different moment in their day, a moment away from everyday needs, tasks or struggles.

Moments like these connect us with nature’s cycle of growth and can create a different perspective. In a year like 2020 when so much has been turned on its head, plants have simply gone on growing.

Committing to attend a regular outdoor wellbeing group or to walk or garden might be out of the question for many people, either because of unpredictable health, the need to care for someone, work, or mobility or transport issues to name but a few. So instead, they could try to see and notice, to absorb what they come across in the everyday. Even in many cities, street trees or other plants could become a link to nature, seen through a window if it is impossible to go outside. Or you could look at images of plants.

Looking and seeing really are different, and I don’t always see when I look. As someone who walks a lot, I do try to see and notice. But sometimes I’m too busy thinking, or I have my head down against the wind, and I’m not open to what I see. Yesterday it was wet and windy on my walk, but I looked at the trees and thought how desolate they would look at this time of year without the ivy growing along their trunks. And then I saw the first, very small, early catkins on a hazel bush – a sign of spring.

You may have come across “exercise snacking”. No, not refuelling on pizza during a run! The idea is to try quick, simple exercises like leg stretches that you can fit in to a busy lifestyle or to help gradually recover from illness or injury. Tring to build simple, everyday connections with nature into your life could mirror this. It might seem obvious, but the obvious can be overlooked. It can be the simple that can make the most difference. Consciously being aware of what you look at could become instinctive, opening up a window on nature, clearing your mind for a moment and boosting wellbeing. Look and see.

It would be great if you could share any response you might have on Medley’s new Facebook group https://www.facebook.com/groups/359291215486002

Shared Or Unique?

Music has great power as a unifying force. Songs and music create a shared vocabulary to draw on as they become a common experience. But while music builds community, its impact on us is also highly personal: I might respond to a song very differently to you. These two distinct impacts music has on us could help us understand its contribution to wellbeing.

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Onbviously we all respond to music in different ways, playing or listening. A song might trigger a link or a memory in my mind which you will never know. Lyrics might strike you more than me. I know I feel I absorb music more fully when I listen alone. But then again, hearing music together with others adds a different mood, as the focus moves from the music itself to the experience of community.

Sharing music enables connection as it forges a common identity. Sometimes we hear or perform a piece of music for the first time together as a group. Or we might come across a once familiar song again with others. Even a song title can create a shared point of reference. Many songs in particular have a lasting power to connect. Film scores add a further layer of shared memory as people see scenes from the film again in their mind’s eye.

Exploring music across the generations can expand musical experiences as well. Music’s role in connecting people of different ages is seen in initiatives run in response to Covid-19 to ease the loneliness endured by so many older people at the moment. Forced to suspend its usual care home visiting, the charity YOPEY has instead turned to inspiring and supporting young people to reach out in new ways, and one s through music and song. On https://www.facebook.com/YoungEntertainElderly, YOPEY creates Virtual Variety Shows for older people in care homes to enjoy. Another example is IMM (Intergenerational Music Making)’s partnership with Care England on Together With Music, linking schools and care homes this winter to choose songs to sing to each other online (https://www.togetherwithmusic.org.uk)

So sharing music is a powerful way to draw people together, which has so many benefits in itself. But as we all respond to music in a unique way, with a unique perspective, it is also important that we connect to music personally, experiencing the songs or music which most uplift us – and only us. This even shapes music’s impact on our physical wellbeing, as seen in the Sync Project’s 2017 study Body In Tune:Music and the Immune System. One benefit it found was that listening to music during surgery reduced levels of the stress hormone cortisol. Levels fell particularly in patients who were allowed to choose what music they heard.

One way in which music’s impact is very specific is through different styles or traditions. Some people enjoy music as diverse as dance, classical, pop and folk. I know I do. Others only respond to one style or another. I hope another time to explore how music’s impact on wellbeing differes by genre. Is classival music more calming? Is pop most likely to boost mood? Do even some instruments have more impact than others? And knowing just how every person responds to music in a unique way, is it truly possible to attribute any specific impact to an entire musical style?

Maybe music is most powerful for you when played or heard alone, or maybe you think sharing music is more beneficial. It would be great if you could share any response you might have on Medley’s new Facebook group https://www.facebook.com/groups/359291215486002

Through New Eyes

When I think about art and autism, all kinds of questions come to mu mind. I wonder how art might alter the way people who have autism see and experience the world, or how autism might alter the way they make art. I wonder how taking part in art or craft might help people open up or express themselves if they usually struggle with this. I wonder how creativity might make people feel more spontaneous and flexible.

And knowing that many people who have autism need order in their lives, I wonder how this might conflict with art and craft, which can be messy. Is the actual messiness liberating, or might it limit people with autism wanting to be creative? Are there particular art media or styles which might be more helpful than others?

So many questions: and there are no easy or obvious answers. Experiences will differ enormously.

Transitions 1 (Acrylics on canvas) copyright Mahlia Amatina 2020

I recently came across the work of abstract artist Mahlia Amatina (www.mahliaamatina.com) whose painting Transitions 1 (Acrylic) you see here. Mahlia’s work strikes me as vivid, experimental, open and thoughtful. Since she was diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome (a form of autism) five years ago, she has woven her experiences into her art. Her latest exhibition, Life On A Spectrum, focuses on living with autism. It has moved online because of Covid-19, and is absorbing and powerful to explore. Around The World In 80 Washing Lines was the intriguing title of her previous, 2018 exhibition which shared “sensory-immersive” artwork.

Mahlia works in a range of different media, from oil sticks and acrylic paint to ink, and uses different surfaces, from paper to canvas. And her art is not limited to 2D either. She has built on her abstract style to use other art forms like performance art and videography, which feature in Life On A Spectrum.

As autism may alter the way people see, hear and experience life, all the senses come into play: so a creative response to autism can have a powerful impact if it is multi-sensory as well.

Mahlia Amatina’s work seems to absorb her own experience in order to reach out to others and build community. In her own words about her Life On A Spectrum exhibition, she aims to “capture the imagination of people from all backgrounds to learn about and celebrate neurodiversity”. So I feel that Mahlia’s work demonstrates how art can become a language, how it can create awareness, empathy and solidarity, how it can unite and how it can create insights into how we experience the world we all share.

One important way to do that is to enable people to get involved themselves, to contribute and to respond. The Life On A Spectrum exhibition was developed to be highly interactive, with viewers’ reactions to art and to autism going on to form part of the exhibition itself.

In a way, all art allows us to experience the world through someone else’s eyes, ears, hands or mind. When that someone has autism, maybe this adds another layer to the experience.

I will go on thinking over my questions, and thinking of new ones (about autism and creativity, but also about how all different experiences of life might shape or inspire art). You might have answers or experiences you could share on Medley’s new Facebook group https://www.facebook.com/groups/359291215486002 Exploring and asking questions could help us understand art’s diverse impacts on each and every one of us.